The flora, fauna and geology of the Rochers-de-Naye region are particularly rich.
Numerous species of native plants flourish in the meadows and cliffs of the Rochers-de-Naye massif.
The fauna of the Rochers-de-Naye massif, and in particular of La Rambertia, is very varied: nesting and migratory birds, butterflies, bees, black salamanders, reptiles, chamois and small mammals.
The Rochers-de-Naye region is part of the Median Pre-Alps. The Alpine Garden is located in a zone of grey, fine, hard limestone rocks of the Malm (upper Jurassic).
The exclusively calcareous soil consists of a thin and permeable topsoil, and plants can quickly suffer from drought in summer. At La Rambertia, the cultivation of silicolous species may require the addition of acidic soil or silica sand.